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Norway Military


The Norwegian Defence Forces (Forsvaret) numbers about 30,000 personnel, including civilian employees. According 2006 mobilisation plans, the strength during full mobilisation is approximately 130,000 combatant personnel. Norway has mandatory military service for males (6-12 months of training) and voluntary service for females.

The military branches are:

• Norwegian Army (Haeren);
• Royal Norwegian Navy (Kongelige Norske Sjoeforsvaret);
• Royal Norwegian Air Force (Kongelige Norske Luftforsvaret);
• Home Guard (Heimevernet).

Norwegian Defence Forces are subordinate to the Norwegian Ministry of Defence (headed by the Minister of Defence). The Commander-in-Chief is King Harald V. The Armed Forces Military Organisation is headed by the "Chief of Defence" (a four star general or admiral). The Chief of Defence is both head of the military organisation and principal military adviser to the Minister of Defence.

Under the Constitution, the Minister of Defence is accountable to Parliament for all activities carried out by the agencies under his/her responsibility. This means that the Ministry, as part of the executive branch of government, is responsible for supervising the activity of its subordinate agencies, among other things by carrying out overall supervisory functions.

The Ministry of Defence (MoD) is (from 2003) an integrated structure with civilian and military personnel. Subordinate to the Ministry of Defence are the "Armed Forces' Military Organisation" as well as the three civilian agencies: the Norwegian Defence Research Establishment (FFI), the National Security Agency and the Defence Estate Agency.

The main annual national exercise is Cold Response, held yearly, with all NATO member states invited.


Military branches :
Norwegian Army (Haeren), Royal Norwegian Navy (Kongelige Norske Sjoeforsvaret, RNoN; includes Coastal Rangers and Coast Guard (Kystvakt)), Royal Norwegian Air Force (Kongelige Norske Luftforsvaret, RNoAF), Home Guard (Heimevernet, HV) (2006)

Military service age and obligation :
18-44 years of age for male compulsory military service; 16 years of age in wartime; 17 years of age for male volunteers; 18 years of age for women; 12-month service obligation, in practice shortened to 8 to 9 months; although all males between ages of 18 and 44 are liable for service, in practice they are seldom called to duty after age 30; reserve obligation to age 35-60; 16 years of age for volunteers to the Home Guard, who serve 6-month duty tours (2006)

Manpower available for military service :
males age 18-49: 1,014,592
females age 18-49: 982,734 (2005 est.)

Manpower fit for military service :
males age 18-49: 827,016
females age 18-49: 801,358 (2005 est.)

Manpower reaching military service age annually :
males age 18-49: 29,179
females age 18-49: 28,023 (2005 est.)

Military expenditures - percent of GDP :
1.9% (2005 est.)





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