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Norway Transportations
 
 
 

General

In spite of Norway's difficult terrain, the road system has been well engineered, with tunnels and zig-zags, particularly in the fjordlands of the west; but there are problems of maintenance because of heavy rain in the west and freezing in the east.

Road transport accounts for nearly 90% of inland passenger transport. As of 2005, the total length of highway was 92,513 km (57,485 mi), of which 71,832 km (44,634 mi) were paved, including 664 km (412.5 mi) of expressways. As of 2000, there were 1,851,929 passenger cars and 445,726 commercial vehicles.

The state railway operates bus routes and has been steadily increasing its activities in this field, which is heavily subsidized by the government. In 2006, 4,043 km (2,512 mi) of rail line was operational, of which 2,509 km (1,559 mi) were electrified; most of the track is standard gauge.

With a merchant fleet of 715 vessels (16,511,659 GRT) as of 2007, Norway possessed one of the world's largest fleets. The sale of Norwegian ships and their registration abroad, which increased considerably during the mid-1980s, severely reduced the size of the fleet. In 1988, the Norwegian International Ship Register program began, whereby ships could be registered offshore, thus allowing foreign vessels to operate under the Norwegian flag while reducing costs to ship owners. Oslo and Bergen have excellent harbour facilities, but several other ports are almost as fully equipped.

Norway had 98 airports in 2007, 67 with paved runways. Flesland at Bergen, Sola at Stavanger and Fornebu and Gardermoen at Oslo are the main centres of air traffic. External services are operated by the Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS), which is 21% Norwegian-owned. Braathens Air Transport operates most of the domestic scheduled flights. Important internal air services include that linking Kirkenes, Tromsø, and Bodø; 2,000 km (1,240 mi) long, this air route is reputed to be the most difficult to operate in western Europe. In 2001, 14,558,800 passengers were carried on scheduled domestic and international flights.

Overview

Airports :
98 (2007)

Airports - with paved runways :
total: 67
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 12
1,524 to 2,437 m: 12
914 to 1,523 m: 13
under 914 m: 29 (2007)

Airports - with unpaved runways :
total: 31
914 to 1,523 m: 6
under 914 m: 25 (2007)


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